Manjaro Linux is a user-friendly and versatile distribution based on Arch Linux. One essential aspect of maintaining a Manjaro system is managing software updates efficiently. By default, Manjaro uses a set of mirrors to fetch software updates. However, users might need to change their download mirror for various reasons, such as improving download speeds or accessing a more reliable server. In this guide, we’ll explore the step-by-step process of changing the download mirror in Manjaro.
Why Change the Download Mirror?
Manjaro relies on mirrors to distribute software updates to users. Mirrors are essentially servers that host software packages and updates. Choosing the right mirror can significantly impact download speeds and the overall update process. Users may want to change their mirrors if they experience slow download speeds, encounter issues with the default mirror, or want to switch to a mirror that is geographically closer to them.
The Pacman Mirrorlist
Manjaro uses the Pacman package manager for handling software packages and updates. The mirror configuration file for Pacman is located at
/etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist. This file contains a list of mirrors sorted by their speed and reliability. However, all mirrors are commented out by default. To change the download mirror, we need to uncomment a mirror from this list.
Step 1: Open Terminal
Open a terminal window on your Manjaro system. You can do this by pressing
Ctrl + Alt + T or searching for “Terminal” in the application menu.
Step 2: Edit the Mirrorlist
To edit the mirrorlist, we’ll use a text editor. Nano is a simple and beginner-friendly text editor that we can use for this task. Type the following command in the terminal to open the mirrorlist file with Nano:
sudo nano /etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist
Step 3: Uncomment a Mirror
In Nano, navigate through the file using the arrow keys. To uncomment a mirror, remove the
# at the beginning of the line. Choose a mirror that is geographically close to you or one that you know provides good download speeds. Once you’ve made your selection, press
Ctrl + X to exit Nano, press
Y to confirm changes, and then press
Enter to save the file.
Step 4: Update Mirrors
After modifying the mirrorlist, we need to update the mirror database. This is done using the
pacman-mirrors tool. Type the following command in the terminal:
sudo pacman-mirrors -f 5 && sudo pacman -Syyu
This command will fetch the latest mirrorlist, rank the mirrors by speed, and then update the system packages.
sudo pacman-mirrors -f 5: Fetches the latest mirrorlist and ranks the top 5 mirrors.
sudo pacman -Syyu: Updates the package database and upgrades the system.
What We’ve Learned
Changing the download mirror in Manjaro is a straightforward process that involves editing the Pacman mirrorlist. By selecting a mirror that suits your geographical location and provides optimal download speeds, you can enhance the efficiency of software updates on your Manjaro system. Regularly updating mirrors ensures that you receive the latest software packages and security updates promptly. Following this guide empowers Manjaro users to take control of their system’s update process and optimize their Linux experience.