In Red Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), user management is a crucial aspect of system administration. One common task is adding a user to a specific group, which grants the user access to certain resources or privileges. Furthermore, this article will guide you through the process of adding a user to a group in RHEL, providing detailed steps and code examples.
Create a User (if not already exists)
Before adding a user to a group, ensure that the user you want to add is already created. You can use the
useradd command for this purpose. Replace
<username> with the desired username.
sudo useradd <username>
Check Existing Groups
To see the groups that are already available on the system, use the
cat command to display the contents of the
This will show a list of groups and their associated information.
Add User to a Group
usermod command to add a user to a specific group. Replace
<groupname> with the name of the group, and
<username> with the name of the user.
sudo usermod -aG <groupname> <username>
-a: This option appends the user to the supplementary group(s) without removing the user from other groups.
-G: This specifies the groups to which the user should be added.
Verify Group Membership
Also, we need to confirm that the user has been successfully added to the group by using the
id command. Replace
<username> with the actual username.
This command will display information about the user, including the groups they belong to.
Logout and Login (or Restart the Session)
For the changes to take effect, the user should either log out and log back in or restart their session. This ensures that the user’s group memberships are updated.
sudo systemctl restart <session-manager>
<session-manager> with the appropriate session manager, such as
Test Group Access
To test whether the user has access to the resources or privileges granted by the group, attempt to perform an action associated with that group. This could involve accessing a directory owned by the group or executing a command that requires group permissions.
In this article, we walked through the process of adding a user to a group in Red Hat Enterprise Linux. The steps involved creating a user, checking existing groups, adding the user to a specific group, verifying group membership, and finally, testing group access. Proper user and group management is essential for maintaining a secure and organized Linux environment and understanding these processes is fundamental for any system administrator working with RHEL.